For the descendents of Richard Dearie and his son John Russell

John Dearie

1772- 7 December 1853

Weaver and Dairy Farmer.

Collated by Claire Grey with information from Beatrix L. Walker of the Scots Ancestry Society from her research undertaken in September 1994 for David Lamb.

Richard Dearie’s mother and father, John and Marion(1) can be found on the Scottish census for 1841 living in St George’s Road, Glasgow.

Richard's father John Dearie aged 65, a weaver at the time of Richard’s birth but a dairy farmer by 1841, his wife Marion aged 50 and their daughter Mary aged 30. A Janet Rodger is probably also their daughter, since there is a record of her marrying Robert Rodger on 28 June 1818.(2) There were also two female servants and a John Black, clerk, who could be related to Dougald's wife.

In the house next door lived Helen Dearie aged 60 of independent means,her daughter Helen Dearie aged 30, Mary Kerr, 7 and Archibald Kerr aged 5. Also Isabella Freebairn 25 a servant. Both Helens and the Kerrs were born in Lanarkshire but John Dearie and Marion were not. They were not born in England or Ireland either.

A comparison of the names of the children and the witnesses at their baptism shows close family ties between these two neighbours.

There does not appear to be a record of his will. But presumably his land went to his eldest son Richard.

Richard may have used his father’s land as security to set up his drinking establishments in Glasgow or his illicit still in 1856. (3) He is in prison by 1857 and running a lodging house just before 1860. Presumably as a bankrupt the land was no longer his to dispose of.

Someone put it up for sale but it seemed to take a year to sell.

The advertisements were put into the Glasgow Herald on 28 February 1859, 7 March 1859, 25 March 1859, 28 March 1859, 4 April 1859 and 22 April 1859, 29 April 1859, 9 May 1859 9 November 1859, 21 November 1859 25 November 1859 and the 20 February 1860.


“FOR SALE SUBJECTS IN GRANT STREET, OFF SAINT GEORGE’S ROAD There will be exposed to Sale by Public Roup, within the Faculty Hall, St George’s Place, Glasgow, on Tuesday the 5th day of April next, at One o’ clock Afternoon, ALL and WHOLE that PIECE of GROUND on the west side of Grant Street, off St George’s Road, Glasgow containing One Rood, or thereby. As also ALL and WHOLE that adjoining PIECE OF GROUND, containing 206 and 18-36th Square Yards, or thereby, all belonging to the Trust Estate of the late Mr. John Dearie, Portioner in Glasgow, together with the COTTAGE, and other ERECTIONS thereon, as the same are now Let to Mr. John Murray, Contractor. The Subjects form one of the most eligible building sites in the neighbourhood, and are now to be sold for the purpose of winding up the Trust Estate. The Feu-duty on the first portion is only £3,9s, 1d, and on the second portion £5, 8s 5d. The Entry of Heirs and Singular Successors is taxed at One Penny Scots. The whole will be exposed at the Upset Price of £1200. For further particulars, apply to Mr. John Graham, C.A., 136 Buchanan Street, Glasgow, the Judicial Factor on the Estate; or James Macbride, Writer, 144 Queen Street, Glasgow, who will exhibit the Title Deeds and Articles of Roup. P. &W.BURN & Co., Auctioneers.”(4)

The Abridgements Particular Register of Sasines Glasgow appear to indicate that Richard had done something illegal.

"April 3 1860 The Judicial factor on the Estate of John Dearie, portioner, and lately residing in St George’s Road, near Glasgow, registers Ch. Adjud. of I rood of ground.. proceeding on Decreet Declarator and Adjudication against Richard Dearie, now or lately residing in London, eldest son and heir of the said John Dearie, Nov 18 1857 (PR 1565.16)

It also appears that Charles Richard’s cousin was involved, possibly because the land originally belonged to his father.

"July 17 1860 The Trade and official assignees of the Estate of Charles Dearie of Frederick’s Place, Old Jewry…and the said Charles Dearie, grant discharge June 22-Jul 6 1860, to the Judicial factor of the Estate of John Dearie, sometime weaver, thereafter dairyman, residing in St George’s Road, Glasgow, of Bond and Disp for £150 by…John Dearie..to (McGrigor Murray and McGrigor) May 10 1827, and declared piece of ground containing 1 rood and houses…disburdened" (PR 1580.218)

The Glasgow Herald of 3 June 1869 also recorded: "Deaths at Reid Street, Bellgrove on 2nd Instant, Mary, daughter of late John Dearie Mount Pleasant Cottage, St George’s Road. (Friends will please accept this intimation.)"(5)

Richard's Two Brothers: John and James.

Did John and Marion’s sons James and John go to America before the 1841 census?

Records have been found of the naturalisation of a John Dearie who arrived at Baltimore, Maryland on 7 July 1827. On 16 September 1834 he declared his intention to live is the U.S. He was supported by David Gibb who swore that he was well acquainted with him, and that he had lived in the US for 5 years and for one year in the state of Pennsylvania.

A similar document has been found for a James Dearie who arrived in the US at Philadelphia on 5 June 1830 also a native of Scotland, also supported by David Gibb, declared before Baltimore City Court on 3 October 1834. David Gibb supported both of them on the same day: 29 June 1837 so it seems possible they are related.

More research will have to be undertaken to see if these two were related to Richard.

There was a Jas. Dearie living in The Spring Gardens Ward of Philadelphia on the 1840 US census.

The 1850 census for Spring Gardens, Ward 7 Phil. shows a Jane Dearie born about 1802 in Scotland. This would make her the brother’s contemporary. Also living in Spring Gardens, Elizabeth born about 1823 in New Jersey, Peter born about 1825 in Penn, Jeanette born about 1828 in Penn, Marion born about 1830 in Maryland. John born about 1832 in Maryland, Eliza born about 1836, Matilda born about 1838, Amelia born about 1842 and Deborah born about 1850 the last four all in Penn.

What is significant about this family is that in a ship’s passenger list from the New York Times of 10 July 1880, the passengers going to Glasgow include Richard Dearie, Mrs. Mary Cluff, Mrs. John Dearie, Miss Lizzie Dearie and Miss Tillie Dearie. The names of Elizabeth and Matilda fitting the family above.

So it could be that this is Richard’s brother John’s family. By the time of the 1870 census this family appears to have moved to Harrisburg Ward 4, Dauphin, Pennsylvania, and by the time of the 1880 census to Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In addition a Richard Dearie aged 19 born in Scotland can be found in the area on the 1850 census. He was a locksmith and could be the son of Richard and Margaret Watt. He was living with Peter Rogers and his wife Abby. Peter was aged 45 also a locksmith and also born in Scotland.

(Is it a coincidence that Richard's sister Janet married a Robert Rodgers?)

It is possible that their descendants went on to live in Wilkes Barre, there must have been a reason why Richard later moved there in the 1870s.

Notes about Scottish Land Records provided by Neil Grey

Prior to the ground breaking Law of Property Act in 1924 ( or 25?), the ownership of land was incredibly complicated. The new Act made it really simple, you could only own land by having the freehold or a leasehold.

Sasines, may be seisin (sees-in) n. an old feudal term for having both possession and title of real property.

Here are some other definitions:

Portion (er) PORTION. That part of a parent's estate, or the estate of one standing in loco parentis, which is given to a child

decreet [dɪˈkriːt] (Law) Scots law the final judgment or sentence of a court

declarator [dɪˈklærətə] (Law) Scots law an action seeking to have some right, status, etc., judicially ascertained

A Scottish rood (ruid in Lowland Scots, ròd in Scottish Gaelic) was a land measurement of Anglo-Saxon origin. It was in greatest use in the South East of Scotland, and along the border, whereas in the north various other systems were used, based on the land's productivity, rather than actual area.

Four Scottish roods made up a Scottish acre.




Further Research

To investigate the parents of John the weaver and Charles the engraver future searches could be made for a Dearie born in the 1750s who was possibly called Richard since both families used the name; and who possibly married a woman with Law as a surname.

Since John was not born in Lanarkshire or England or Ireland that leaves the rest of Scotland and the rest of the world.

A search of the 1841 census for Scotland lists 48 Dearies with the "ie" spelling at 14 different addresses. Four of these families have heads of household born in Ireland, two individuals are from Ireland, and three younger individuals are born in Scotland. The ones outside of Glasgow are one in Penicuik, Midlothian, one in Kirkmabreck, Kirkcudbright, one in Aberdeen, two in Kilmarnock, Ayr, one in Dalry, Ayr, one in Irvine, Ayr, and one in Lecropt, Perth.

Only one individual is old enough to be John and Charles Dearie’s parent and that is George Dearie, a gardener in Aberdeen born in 1751. There is no evidence to connect them .


(1) The birth of a Marion King in Barony on 14 June 1778 has been found but the census of 1841 indicates that she was not born in Lanarkshire.


1841 census St George's Road, Glasgow

Piece: SCT1841/622 Place: Barony -Lanarkshire Enumeration District: 34 Civil Parish: Barony Ecclesiastical Parish, Village or Island: - Folio: 69 Page: 11 Address: St Georges Road

Surname First name(s) Sex Age Occupation Where Born

DEARIE John M 65 Dairyman Outside Census County (1841)

DEARIE Marion F 70 Outside Census County (1841)

DEARIE Mary F 30 Lanarkshire Page: 69/12

RODGER Janet F 15 Lanarkshire

MCGREGOR Mary F 20 Female Servant Outside Census County (1841)

NELSON Helen F 13 Female Servant Outside Census County (1841)

BLACK John M 20 Clerk Lanarkshire


From The Statistical Account of Scotland 1799 barony parish http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/sct/LKS/Barony/1799written about 1791-1798, published 1799 - Transcribed by Linda Nisbet, New Zealand:

"General Character of the People. The general character of the people, as yet, is that of sobriety and industry, though, from the great increase of wealth, and the number of public-houses for retailing spiritous liquors, intemperance, with its long train of evils, is becoming more prevalent than formerly among the labouring people. And it is to be lamented, that by the cheapness of spiritous liquors, and the increasing use of them, many young people of both sexes are early corrupted and ruined. Happy would it be for the health, and the morals, and the prosperity of the people, if fewer public-houses were licensed, the use of spiritous liquors checked, and good wholesome ale substituted in their place."


The land is owned by Dearie but is occupied and let to tenant who pays the annual rents (feu duty), so anyone buying it doesn't get vacant possession, but does buy the entitlement to receive the annual rent.

roup = auction

fee or feu one of the four conditions, or tenures, on which lands could be granted by charter. In this case, the superior received (usually annually) a return ('feu duty') in agricultural produce or money, rather than military service. The 'fee' or 'feu' was also the name of the piece of property so conveyed, and the 'feuar' the vassal who held the property by feu tenure.

feu disposition in the nineteenth century the distinction between the charter and the disposition was that a charter was used to create a new feu, and a disposition to carry an existing feu forward to a new proprietor. A form of disposition was also used for the former purpose, however, and was known as a feu disposition

upset price - reserve, i.e. minimum price


Glasgow’s renamed streets are listed here http://www.douglasbrown.co.uk/rensts/strqr.html


Helen was probably the wife of Richard’s Uncle Charles.

Charles was an engraver and bought land in 1809. By 1813 he sold one part of it to his brother John. This was probably Mount Pleasant Cottage, on the West Side of Grant Street off St George's Road.

The Sasines Register records: “Sept 21 1813, John Dearie, weaver, Glasgow, seised Sept 18 1813, in 1 rood of ground with the dwelling house thereon..part of the 1 acre and 14 and half falls of the lands.. of Blythswood.. on Disp by Charles Dearie, engraver, Aug 31 1813” (PR 149.112)

Very little is known about John's life. He has not been found on street directories or in the records of Glasgow Weavers so far. He must have had a decent income to send his son Richard to Sheridan Knowles’ elocution school in Glasgow at some time between 1813 and 1825.

However, unless they died, his two youngest sons seem to have gone to America. His daughter Mary remained unmarried.

The Glasgow Herald of Friday December 9 1853 recorded his death.

"Deaths; Suddenly at St George’s Road on 7th inst. Mr John Dearie aged 81 years".